Kudithipudi.Org

March 20, 2012

Project Uptime : Progress Report – 2

Filed under: HOWTO,Linux,Technology — Vinay @ 10:38 pm

After I installed the new kernel as mentioned in this update, I was still seeing the server booting up with the older version. I tried to have the kernel install option (apt-get install linux-image-VERSION) to overwrite the grub config, but the server wouldn’t boot up after that.

So after a lot of head scratching and googling, I found the solution. Rather than have the install program automatically update the grub config file, you have to manually edit it.

So install the latest kernel using the commands as mentioned in my previous post (http://kudithipudi.org/2012/03/07/project-uptime-progress-report-1/) and when prompted about the having an existing grub menu and if you want to overwrite it, just say no. Then do the following

  • Check the new kernel image filename by running
     ll /boot/vmlinuz* 
  • Edit the grub boot menu by editing the file /boot/grub/menu.1st and add a section for the new kernel image.
  • Edit the default boot option to the new kernel image (NOTE.. the sequence starts from 0)
  • Reboot the server and enjoy the new kernel

Here’s my before and after comparisons for the server I am building

BEFORE  (this is after the line ## End Default Options ##)


title Ubuntu 11.10, kernel 3.0.0-12-virtual
root (hd0)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-3.0.0-12-virtual root=/dev/xvda1 console=hvc0 ro quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-3.0.0-12-virtual

title Ubuntu 11.10, kernel 3.0.0-12-virtual (recovery mode)
root (hd0)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-3.0.0-12-virtual root=/dev/xvda1 console=hvc0 ro single
initrd /boot/initrd.img-3.0.0-12-virtual

title Ubuntu 11.10, kernel 3.0.0-16-virtual
root (hd0)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-3.0.0-16-virtual root=/dev/xvda1 console=hvc0 ro quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-3.0.0-16-virtual
title Chainload into GRUB 2
root (hd0)
kernel /boot/grub/core.img

title Ubuntu 11.10, memtest86+
root (hd0)

AFTER


title Ubuntu 11.10, kernel 3.0.0-12-virtual
root (hd0)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-3.0.0-12-virtual root=/dev/xvda1 console=hvc0 ro quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-3.0.0-12-virtual

title Ubuntu 11.10, kernel 3.0.0-12-virtual (recovery mode)
root (hd0)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-3.0.0-12-virtual root=/dev/xvda1 console=hvc0 ro single
initrd /boot/initrd.img-3.0.0-12-virtual

title Ubuntu 11.10, kernel 3.0.0-16-virtual
root (hd0)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-3.0.0-16-virtual root=/dev/xvda1 console=hvc0 ro quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-3.0.0-16-virtual
title Chainload into GRUB 2
root (hd0)
kernel /boot/grub/core.img

title Ubuntu 11.10, memtest86+
root (hd0)

BTW.. Grub is the boot manager (and a lot more) in Linux.

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